Market Alert: Iran Sanctions Waivers

U.S. sanctions on Iran’s exports of crude oil and condensate came into effect today, with waivers granted to eight of Iran’s traditional customers in Asia and the Mediterranean. It seems the waivers may be a useful negotiating tool for the Trump Administration and, thus, although they expire in 6 months, it is likely they will be extended. Even with these waivers, Iranian exports will still fall by roughly 1.2 million b/d in 2019.

Crude-by-Rail Volumes Higher in 2019

Hellenic Shipping News:

In 2019, production growth will necessarily slow-down in two key US shale basins due to pipeline constraints, according to ESAI Energy’s recently published North America Watch. Crude oil from the booming Permian Basin in West Texas has already been impacted with steep price discounts from a lack of pipeline takeaway, but the Bakken in North Dakota will start to feel the pinch next year as record production levels fill available pipeline space. Since production growth will slow down but not decline, these regions will be increasingly dependent on sending crude by railcar to get to markets in 2019.