Africa’s refinery throughput will grow by only 60,000 b/d this year to 2.2 million b/d and will remain flat next year. With crude production growth set to outstrip throughput, Africa’s exportable crude surplus will rise to 5.2 million b/d in 2019.
For a number of reasons, all eyes will be on Mariner East 2, which will increase the U.S.’s ability to export ethane and LPG to Europe, as it stumbles toward completion. For U.S.-Europe NGL trade, it comes as Europe’s steam crackers are consuming growing volumes of ethane and LPG. However, the development of Europe’s ethane imports continues to fall short of expectations. Despite the Mariner East expansion, it will be surprising if ethane shipments via Mariner East rise to much more than 80,000 b/d six to 12 months from now. On the other hand, the expanded terminal’s LPG capacity will re-route existing LPG exports and be fully utilized. The most critical and far-reaching market development associated with Mariner East 2, however, is the timing and ramp-up of increased LPG exports. As the Global LPG Balance Chapter describes, demand growth outside North America will hit a wall when a lack of new U.S. terminal capacity chokes foreign access to North America’s growing LPG supply.
Refined products consumption will return to growth of 180,000 b/d in the next year after shrinking by 40,000 b/d over the past 12 months. Gasoline demand will lead the way with growth of nearly 50,000 b/d, due partly to reconstruction activity in Iraq spurring oil demand. Gasoline imports will still decline regionally, however, with new refining capacity coming online in Saudi Arabia and Iran.
OPEC will start to raise crude oil output this summer, with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the UAE contributing the majority of new production. The increase will be at least 450,000 b/d but could be substantially larger if OPEC attempts to replace more of Venezuela’s lost volumes. Russia and other non-OPEC parties to the November 2016 production deal will also increase output in the next several months.
OPEC and non-OPEC producers will start on July 1 to ease their output curbs established in November 2016, adding roughly 1 million barrels per day (MMBPD) through the end of 2018, Kallanish Energy reports.
OPEC has agreed to rollback overcompliance with the original production deal of November 2016. This appears to mean an increase of 450,000 b/d among the voluntary over-complying countries, with the bulk coming from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the UAE. However, the communique could also be interpreted as enabling an increase of as much as 1 million b/d, with some members replacing lost volumes from involuntary over-complying countries like Venezuela. At this point, the small step interpretation is more likely.
Hellenic Shipping News:
OPEC has agreed to rollback overcompliance with the original production deal of November 2016. This appears to mean an increase among the voluntary over-complying countries of 450,000 b/d with the bulk coming from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the UAE. However, the communique could also be interpreted as enabling an increase of as much as 1 million b/d, with some members replacing lost volumes from involuntary over-complying countries like Venezuela. At this point, the small step interpretation is more likely.
The recent trend of low operable capacity and high utilization rates will give way to an increase in distillation capacity and lighter maintenance. Consequently, the growth of operable capacity will outpace crude demand. The next 12 months will feature higher operable capacity that will lead to bearish pressure on petroleum product spreads and pressure utilization rates lower.
Higher prices are incentivizing accelerated growth in the Bakken. Although natural gas processing capacity remains a looming constraint in some locations, crude oil production is forecast to reach 1.4 million b/d by next summer. At this pace, it won’t be long before pipeline capacity becomes full and incremental growth will be dependent on rail once again.
European distillate inventories, which currently stand at about 480 million barrels, are roughly 40 million barrels beneath year-ago levels. Diminished stocks in combination with a widening distillate import requirement, which is expected to grow by 100,000 b/d over the next twelve months, will provide bullish support for distillate spreads going.
Over the next twelve months, global demand growth for both gasoline and diesel is expected to decelerate. The rapid growth of diesel demand in the first half of 2018, particularly in the United States, is set to diminish as higher interest rates and trade tensions create headwinds for the economy. Economic headwinds in combination with higher absolute prices will also be a drag on gasoline demand growth. In China, an expanded “blue sky” policy on retiring polluting diesel vehicles will shift more freight transport to rail, limiting distillate demand.
Meanwhile, global production of transport fuels is expected to continue accelerating as throughput rises, particularly East of Suez. As a result, global transport fuel market fundamentals will loosen and fuel spreads to crude will weaken globally. Downward pressure on gasoline spreads will be particularly pronounced.
Shrinking Latin American diesel and gasoline deficits will also exert bearish pressure on global product markets. Over the next twelve months, Latin America will absorb less U.S. diesel and gasoline as Latin American deficits of the two products narrow.
The summit between President Trump and the Supreme Leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un, has come and gone in a flurry of photographs and a very short and very vague agreed statement. The meeting was largely symbolic and strict U.N. sanctions remain in place, but reduced tensions could eventually create an environment for stronger trade links between North Korea and China, Russia, and South Korea
High imports in the last three months have led to high level of stocks at Shandong ports and refineries that were previously in maintenance. ESAI Energy estimates that China’s industry stocks will reduce from 350 million barrels at the end of May to around 330 million barrels by August. Imports would be further tempered to perhaps around 9 million b/d.
After growing by 60,000 b/d year-on-year to an average of 180,000 b/d in the first half of 2018, the U.S.’ exportable gasoline surplus is expected to continue expanding through 2019. This growing surplus will be bearish for the Atlantic Basin gasoline markets and exert downward pressure on spreads to crude as Latin America’s import requirement shrinks and U.S. exporters compete more intensely with European producers to place volumes within the region.
Regional crude production will decline severely in 2018. Regional production of crude oil and condensate is set to fall by more than 650,000 b/d to 7.9 million b/d in 2018, due mainly to enormous decreased in Venezuela, smaller declines in Mexico, and lackluster growth in Brazil.