Venezuela’s crude oil production sank to as low as 250,000 b/d during the blackout last week. We estimate monthly production will be 750,000 b/d, down 200,000 b/d from January and February. While Maduro continues to hang on – and we expect he will manage to do so for months, not weeks — the US continues to apply tighter sanctions. Secondary sanctions are on in practice, if not in law. Rosneft and ChinaOil will still lift as much as 250,000 b/d. With throughput low, a sustainable production level over the next couple of months for Venezuela is around 450,000 b/d. Although a political transition does not appear imminent, a clear-eyed look at what would come next shows that production will not rise back above 1 million b/d any time soon.