In 2019, Latin America’s regional crude surplus should average 3.4 million b/d, down 400,000 b/d from 3.8 million b/d in 2017. Over the two years, production will fall by 380,000 b/d, led by the collapse in Venezuela. Meanwhile, regional refinery throughput will rise by 20,000 b/d. Free of the weight of Venezuela, the non-OPEC Latin America balance would rise by 250,000 b/d in the same period.
Despite a growing deficit, in the first half of 2018 European distillate imports remained flat year-on-year at roughly 1.6 million b/d. With regional distillate inventories depleted and the distillate deficit slated to keep expanding, European distillate imports will rise by about 240,000 b/d in the second half of this year and provide bullish support for global markets.
Beijing will look for a way to resume negotiations to discourage the U.S. from imposing $200 billion in tariffs it has threatened, which include HTS Code 27 covering crude oil and refined products. Even so, Chinese importers of crude oil and LPG will increasingly turn to the Middle East to seek out alternatives to U.S.oil supplies.
President-elect Lopez Obrador’s promise to freeze gasoline prices will support gasoline demand, which is on track to grow by 15,000 b/d this year. An increase in refinery throughput will more than offset the impact on Mexico’s imports though. We expect a modest increase in utilization rates in the second half of the year, increasing gasoline supply by 60,000 b/d compared to the first half of 2018 and reducing Mexico’s import requirement by 40,000 b/d.
Aggressive fuel price increases caused Brazil’s truckers to strike in May. The resulting government subsidy to smooth out diesel prices for consumers will help Petrobras raise runs and avoid sacrificing market share to importers. At the same time, demand is expected to grow by 20,000 b/d to 960,000 b/d. ESAI Energy expects Brazil’s diesel import requirement to remain flat in the second half of 2018 at 210,000 b/d.
The outage of Colonial Pipeline’s gasoline line temporarily eliminates an irreplaceable source of gasoline to the East Coast. The disruption will cause NYH gasoline to be priced at a premium that will…
Even as Latin America’s refining sectors remain under pressure from disruptions and economic decisions to reduce run rates, the regional diesel deficit will not expand as demand growth remains elusive into 2017.