The 21st century marks a departure from traditional geopolitics. Transnational movements, such as radical Islam, have pushed terrorism and now refugees on to the foreign policy agenda of many countries. Meanwhile industrial-ized countries increasingly blame domestic economic weakness on globalization. As a result, a nationalist backlash is gaining steam on issues related to security, trade, and immigration. The intersection of international relations and transnational trends will be difficult. The result will be smaller, but more frequent and difficult to resolve regional crises. The increasing integration of the Arab Gulf with the East and the ongoing disengagement of North America and Europe from the Arab Gulf will encourage a global realignment of interests and will diminish the role of Arab Gulf geopolitics in the oil market.