Over the last several years we have written about the growing imbalance between U.S. and Chinese dependence on the Persian Gulf for oil. Chinese oil demand growth and U.S. oil supply growth have shifted the importance of the region for both importers. A significant and lengthy disruption in the Persian Gulf could still impact all oil consumers through the price mechanism, but the U.S. economy is now far more insulated from energy disruptions than the Chinese economy. Not surprisingly, China’s naval capabilities have grown considerably to address this vulnerability to the flow of oil and other goods
Three of Africa’s biggest OPEC producing countries – Nigeria, Angola, and Libya – will increase their productive capacity by 500,000 b/d in the next six to twelve months. But we expect violence, strikes, and natural decline rates to limit total actual production increases from these three countries to only 75,000 b/d in 2019. Africa’s total production should increase by 150,000 b/d next year to 7.4 million b/d.